Which Of These Statements Is True About The Gentlemen`s Agreement Of 1907 Quizlet

Many Americans argued with the school board that the separation of schools was contrary to the 1894 treaty, which did not explicitly address education, but indicated that the Japanese would obtain equal rights in America. According to the U.S. Supreme Court review decisions (Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896), a state did not violate the equality clause of the U.S. Constitution by imposing racial segregation as long as the various institutions are essentially equal. Tokyo newspapers have denounced segregation as an insult to Japanese pride and honour. The Japanese government wanted to protect its reputation as a world power. Government officials became aware of the crisis and intervention was needed to maintain diplomatic peace. [9] The restrictive principles of the law could also have created tense relations with some European countries, but these potential problems were not met for several reasons. The global depression of the 1930s, the Second World War and the stricter application of U.S. immigration policy helped contain European emigration. After these crises, emergency rules for the resettlement of displaced persons in 1948 and 1950 helped the United States avoid conflicts over its new immigration laws.

President Roosevelt had three objectives to resolve the situation: to show Japan that California`s policy did not reflect the ideals of the entire country to force San Francisco to end the policy of segregation and to find a solution to the problem of Japanese immigration. Victor Metcalf, Minister of Trade and Labour, was sent to investigate the problem and force the repeal of the policy. He did not succeed because local officials wanted Japanese exclusion. Roosevelt tried to put pressure on the school`s management, but it won`t give way. On February 15, 1907, the parties reached a compromise. If Roosevelt could ensure the suspension of Japanese immigration, the school board would allow Japanese-American students to attend public schools. The Japanese government did not want to harm its national pride or suffer humiliations, as the Qing government in China in 1882 by the Chinese exclusion law. The Japanese government has agreed to refrain from granting passports to workers attempting to enter the United States, unless such workers come to occupy a house formerly acquired to join a relative; The spouse or take active control of a pre-acquired farm. [10] The Immigration Act 1924 also contained a provision excluding the entry of foreigners who, on the basis of race or nationality, were not nationals. The nationality laws of 1790 and 1870 excluded persons of Asian descent from naturalization.

As a result, the 1924 act meant that even Asians who were not prevented from immigration before – especially the Japanese – were no longer admitted to the United States. Many in Japan were very offended by the new law, which was a violation of the gentlemen`s agreement.

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